The United States had stimulated the Military Blow in Brazil in 1964. But which would be the interest of the North Americans? Of always: to keep its economic hegemony. The White House was with the flea behind the ear with president Joo Goulart, who had leftist trends and said something that make to arrepiar the hair of any capitalist: agrarian reform. In the context where U.S.A. and the Ussr disputed one ' ' in addition brao' ' so that its economic model won on the other, the eyes of eagle of the North American State if had come back toward Latin America.
After the instauration of the Socialism in Cuba, U.S.A. could not ' more; ' to sleep in ponto' '. Some factors had been determinative to increase the distrust and the United States monitoring. Beyond already cited leftist trend of Jango, we previously had the Leagues Peasants, with an intense performance since 1955 until the consolidation of the Blow. The movement that appeared in the Galilia Device, in Victory of Saint Anto, pernambucano wasteland, was gaining bigger ratios it influenced other movements in the Paraba, Rio De Janeiro and other Brazilian regions. What it started having for objective, to collect resources so that the workers were not embedded in common ditch, he was gaining each time plus a connotation politics and of marxist ideology. Francisco Julio, on Brazilian Partido Socialista (PSB) became the spokesman of the movement. The communist influence was as much that the motto started to be: ' ' The agrarian Reformation in marra' '.
The leagues had worried U.S.A. that had sent Keneddy (not it president John, but its brother and senator Robert) to see of close what it was if passing north-eastern Brazilian. Two other episodes had also left distrustful the United States public opinion, both had occurred in 1962: The first one was in February, when Leonel Brizola nationalized the company of North American telephony in the Rio Grande Do Sul, and it transformed it into the Cia.